Are you a BCBA or an RBT? Join The New Golden Steps ABA Fellowship Program
See Open Roles
We do not have a commercial relationship with any of these companies and have not otherwise been endorsed by, are not affiliated with, and do not intend to suggest a connection to, any of the companies listed on the page.

Explaining Autism to Kids: A Guide for Parents and Teachers

Unlocking the mystery of autism for kids! Discover simple ways to explain autism with empathy and understanding.

Understanding Autism

Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person perceives and interacts with the world around them. It is characterized by differences in communication, social interaction, and behavior. Understanding autism is important in order to provide support and promote inclusivity for individuals on the autism spectrum.

What is Autism?

Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a lifelong condition that typically becomes apparent in early childhood. It affects individuals in various ways, ranging from mild to severe. While every person with autism is unique, there are common features that help define the condition.

Autism is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication. People with autism may have challenges in understanding and using language effectively, as well as difficulties in interpreting non-verbal cues such as facial expressions and gestures.

In addition to social and communication differences, individuals with autism may engage in repetitive behaviors or have intense interests in specific topics. They may also be sensitive to sensory stimuli, such as certain sounds or textures, which can affect their daily routines and interactions.

Common Characteristics of Autism

To better understand the common characteristics associated with autism, let's take a look at some key features:

Common Characteristics

  • Challenges in social interaction and communication
  • Difficulty understanding and using language effectively
  • Differences in interpreting non-verbal cues, such as facial expressions and gestures
  • Engagement in repetitive behaviors or having intense interests in specific topics
  • Sensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as certain sounds or textures

It's important to note that the characteristics and experiences of individuals with autism can vary widely. Each person's journey with autism is unique, and it's essential to approach each individual with empathy and understanding.

By gaining a better understanding of autism and its common characteristics, parents and caregivers can provide the necessary support and create an inclusive environment that celebrates the strengths and individuality of all children, including those on the autism spectrum.

Explaining Autism to Kids

When it comes to explaining autism to kids, it's important to use age-appropriate communication and simple, clear language that they can easily understand. Here are some strategies to help you effectively explain autism to children.

Age-Appropriate Communication

When discussing autism with kids, it's crucial to tailor the information to their developmental level. Younger children may not have a deep understanding of complex concepts, so it's best to focus on providing basic information and answering their questions in a way they can comprehend.

For younger children (ages 3-6), you can use simple language and visual aids to explain that autism is a condition that affects how some people communicate, behave, and interact with others. Emphasize that it's okay to be different and that everyone deserves understanding and acceptance.

For older children (ages 7-12), you can provide more detailed explanations about autism. Discuss how it can affect social skills, sensory processing, and communication. Encourage them to ask questions and be open to having discussions to deepen their understanding.

Using Simple and Clear Language

When explaining autism, it's important to use language that is clear, concise, and free from jargon. Avoid using complicated terms that may confuse children. Instead, use everyday language that they can relate to and understand.

Here are some key points to cover when explaining autism to kids:

Key Points

  • Autism is a condition that affects how some people think, feel, and interact with others.
  • People with autism may have differences in communication and social skills.
  • Autism is not a disease or something that can be cured. It is simply a different way of experiencing the world.
  • Everyone is unique, and being different is okay.
  • It's important to be kind, understanding, and accepting of others, regardless of their differences.

By using simple and clear language, you can help children grasp the basic concepts of autism and foster empathy and acceptance towards individuals on the autism spectrum.

Remember, every child is different, so adapt your explanations to their individual needs and understanding. Encourage open dialogue, answer their questions patiently, and provide reassurance and support as they navigate their understanding of autism.

Emphasizing Similarities and Differences

When explaining autism to kids, it is important to emphasize both the similarities and differences between individuals with autism and neurotypical individuals. This helps children understand that while everyone is unique, we all share certain commonalities.

Highlighting Unique Strengths

One way to explain autism to kids is by highlighting the unique strengths that individuals with autism possess. Just like neurotypical individuals, people with autism have their own talents and abilities.

Some may excel in areas such as art, music, mathematics, or problem-solving. By focusing on these strengths, we can help kids appreciate and respect the diverse skills that individuals with autism bring to the table.

Unique Strengths of Individuals with Autism

  • Exceptional attention to detail
  • Strong memory and recall abilities
  • Unique perspective and creativity
  • Dedication and focus on specific interests

Addressing Challenges

While it is important to celebrate the strengths of individuals with autism, it is equally vital to address the challenges they may face. Kids need to understand that individuals with autism may experience difficulties in certain areas and may require additional support and understanding.

Common Challenges Faced by Individuals with Autism

  • Difficulty with social interactions and communication
  • Sensory sensitivities or overstimulation
  • Difficulty with changes in routine or transitions
  • Challenges in understanding and expressing emotions

By explaining these challenges, children can develop empathy and learn to be more understanding and supportive towards their peers with autism. It is crucial to emphasize that these challenges do not define a person with autism, but rather are aspects that they may need some assistance with.

By highlighting both the unique strengths and challenges of individuals with autism, we can help kids gain a better understanding and acceptance of autism. Encouraging them to see beyond the differences and focus on the shared humanity can foster a more inclusive and compassionate society.

Teaching Empathy and Acceptance

When explaining autism to kids, it is essential to teach empathy and acceptance. By fostering understanding, compassion, inclusion, and respect, we can create a more inclusive and supportive environment for individuals with autism.

Encouraging Understanding and Compassion

To build understanding and compassion, it's important to emphasize that individuals with autism have different ways of thinking, learning, and experiencing the world. Here are some strategies to encourage understanding and compassion:

  • Education: Educate children about autism by providing age-appropriate information. Use simple and clear language to explain that autism is a neurological difference that affects how people understand and interact with the world around them.
  • Books and Stories: Read books or share stories that depict characters with autism. This can help children relate to and empathize with individuals on the autism spectrum.
  • Role-Playing: Engage children in role-playing activities that simulate various situations a person with autism may encounter. This can help children develop empathy and understand how to respond with kindness and patience.

Emphasizing Inclusion and Respect

Inclusion and respect are crucial in promoting a supportive environment for individuals with autism. Here are some ways to emphasize inclusion and respect:

  • Modeling Inclusive Behavior: Demonstrate inclusive behavior by treating individuals with autism with kindness, patience, and respect. Encourage children to do the same.
  • Encouraging Friendship: Encourage children to befriend individuals with autism. Facilitate opportunities for inclusive playdates, clubs, or activities where children with and without autism can interact and build friendships.
  • Celebrating Differences: Emphasize that everyone is unique and has strengths and challenges, including individuals with autism. Encourage children to appreciate and celebrate these differences.

By teaching empathy and acceptance, we can create a more inclusive and accepting society for individuals with autism. It's important to provide children with the tools and understanding they need to interact with individuals on the autism spectrum in a compassionate and respectful manner.

Supporting Kids with Autism

When it comes to supporting kids with autism, there are various resources and strategies that can provide further understanding and help create a supportive environment. By accessing these resources and encouraging positive relationships and interactions, parents can play a vital role in supporting their child on the autism spectrum.

Resources for Further Understanding

As a parent, it's important to educate yourself about autism to better understand your child's experiences and challenges. There are numerous resources available that can provide valuable insights and guidance. Here are some resources you can explore:

Resource Description
Books There are many books written specifically for parents and children to learn about autism. Look for books that are age-appropriate and provide accurate information about autism.
Websites Online websites and platforms dedicated to autism provide a wealth of information, resources, and support for parents. These websites often include articles, videos, forums, and expert advice.
Support Groups Joining local or online support groups can connect you with other parents who have similar experiences. These groups offer a safe space to share insights, ask questions, and receive support from others who understand the challenges of raising a child with autism.
Organizations Autism-focused organizations offer a range of resources, including workshops, webinars, and conferences. These organizations often provide information on advocacy, therapy options, and community events.

By utilizing these resources, parents can gain a deeper understanding of autism and discover strategies to support their child's development and well-being.

Encouraging Supportive Relationships and Interactions

Creating a supportive environment for a child with autism involves fostering positive relationships and interactions. Here are some ways to encourage supportive relationships:

  • Encourage open communication: Foster an environment where family members, friends, and classmates can openly communicate and ask questions about autism. This helps create understanding and empathy.
  • Promote inclusion: Encourage inclusive activities where children with autism can participate alongside their peers. This may include playdates, group activities, or joining clubs or sports teams.
  • Educate others: Help educate others about autism by sharing accurate information and dispelling misconceptions. This can be done through conversations, presentations, or distributing educational materials.
  • Encourage empathy: Teach empathy by encouraging children to put themselves in the shoes of their peers with autism. Help them understand that everyone is unique and may have different strengths and challenges.
  • Foster patience and understanding: Encourage patience and understanding when interacting with children on the autism spectrum. Teach others to be patient and avoid making assumptions or judgments.

By promoting supportive relationships and interactions, parents can create an inclusive and accepting environment for their child with autism.

Supporting kids with autism involves continuous learning, understanding, and empathy. By accessing resources and promoting supportive relationships, parents can provide the necessary support for their child's growth, development, and overall well-being.

Therapies and Interventions for Individuals with Autism

There are many therapies and interventions available for individuals with autism. The type of therapy or intervention that is most appropriate will depend on the individual's specific needs and challenges. Here are some common therapies and interventions:

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

ABA is a therapy that focuses on teaching new skills and behaviors while also reducing challenging behaviors. ABA therapists use positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviors while ignoring or redirecting undesired behaviors.

Speech Therapy

Many individuals with autism struggle with communication, so speech therapy can be helpful in improving language skills. Speech therapists work on improving communication through both verbal and nonverbal means.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy focuses on helping individuals develop the skills they need to perform daily living activities independently. This may include developing fine motor skills, sensory integration, and self-care skills.

Social Skills Training

Social skills training can help individuals with autism learn how to interact appropriately with others. This may include teaching them how to initiate conversations, make eye contact, read social cues, and understand emotions.

Sensory Integration Therapy

Many individuals with autism have difficulty processing sensory information, so sensory integration therapy can be helpful in improving their ability to process sensory input. This may include activities such as playing in a ball pit or using weighted blankets.

It's essential to work with a qualified professional when selecting a therapy or intervention for an individual with autism. They can help determine which therapies will be most effective for the individual's specific needs and challenges.


At what age should I start talking to my child about autism?

It's never too early to start teaching your child about differences and acceptance. You can start by introducing books or videos that show characters with disabilities or differences from a young age.

How do I explain autism to a child who doesn't have any experience with it?

Start by emphasizing similarities between people, regardless of their differences. Explain that some people may communicate or behave differently because their brains work differently, but they still have feelings and interests just like them.

What if my child is scared or confused about someone with autism?

It's natural for children to feel scared or confused when they encounter something new or different. Encourage your child to ask questions and offer reassurance that everyone is different in their own way.

What if my child asks why someone with autism acts a certain way?

Explain that everyone's brain works differently, and sometimes people with autism may behave in ways that help them feel better (like stimming) or may become overwhelmed by sensory input (like loud noises). Emphasize that it's important to be understanding and kind towards others, even if we don't always understand why they do things.

How can I encourage my child to be accepting of others?

Model acceptance in your own behavior and encourage empathy towards others. Teach your child to include others, regardless of their differences, and emphasize the importance of being kind and respectful towards everyone.


Explaining autism to kids can be challenging, but it's essential to help them understand and accept differences in others. By keeping the language simple, using visual aids, emphasizing similarities, and encouraging questions, you can help your child learn about autism in a friendly and human way. Remember to model acceptance, teach empathy, and encourage inclusion to promote acceptance and understanding.


Continue Reading