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How Do You Explain Autism To A Child Without Autism?

Children are naturally curious and have a lot of questions. They may have noticed that some children behave differently or have difficulty communicating and may wonder why. It is important to answer their questions in an age-appropriate manner and to provide simple, clear explanations.

Tips How To Explain Autism To Kids

Autism is a complex neurological disorder that affects many individuals. It is characterized by difficulties in communication, social interaction, and repetitive behaviors. Explaining autism to a child who does not have autism can be a challenging task, but it is an important conversation to have. Here are some tips and strategies for explaining autism to a child without autism.

One way to explain autism is to compare it to a computer. Just like a computer has its own operating system that makes it work differently from other computers, the brain of a person with autism works differently from the brain of a person without autism. This can cause difficulties in communication, social interaction, and other areas.

Another way to explain autism is to use examples that the child can relate to. For example, you could explain that just like some people wear glasses to help them see better, some people with autism may need extra help to communicate or to understand social situations. You could also use a sports analogy, explaining that just like some people are better at certain sports than others, some people may have strengths in certain areas but find other things more challenging.

It is important to emphasize that autism is not a choice or something that can be "cured." It is a part of who a person is and should be accepted and celebrated. You could explain that just like everyone has different talents and abilities, everyone also has different challenges and differences.

Finally, it is important to encourage empathy and understanding. Children should be taught to be kind and patient with others who may be different from them. They should also be taught that everyone deserves respect and understanding, regardless of their differences.

The Importance of Using Positive Language

When explaining autism to a child without autism, it is important to use positive language and avoid negative stereotypes. This means avoiding phrases like "suffering from autism" or "autistic person," which can create a negative image in the child's mind. Instead, use language that emphasizes acceptance and understanding, such as "person with autism" or "autism is just one part of who they are."

It is also important to emphasize the strengths and abilities of individuals with autism, rather than focusing solely on their challenges. For example, you could explain that some people with autism have exceptional memories or are talented artists or musicians.

Using positive language can help children without autism develop empathy and understanding towards individuals with autism. It can also help promote acceptance and inclusion in schools and communities.

Famous Individuals with Autism

It can be helpful to provide examples of famous individuals who have autism to help children understand that having autism does not limit one's potential. Here are a few examples:

  • Temple Grandin: A professor of animal science and a leading advocate for the autistic community, Grandin is known for her work in improving the welfare of livestock and designing humane slaughterhouses.
  • Dan Aykroyd: Comedian, actor, and writer Dan Aykroyd was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome later in life. He has spoken publicly about his experiences with the disorder and how it has influenced his career.
  • Daryl Hannah: Actress Daryl Hannah is known for her roles in movies like "Blade Runner" and "Kill Bill." She has spoken openly about her struggles with autism and how she has learned to manage her symptoms.
  • Satoshi Tajiri: The creator of the popular video game franchise Pokemon, Tajiri has been open about his diagnosis of Asperger's syndrome. He has credited his love of insects as a child with inspiring him to create the world of Pokemon.

These individuals demonstrate that having autism does not limit one's potential or ability to make significant contributions to society. By highlighting their strengths and achievements, we can help children without autism develop a greater understanding and appreciation for those with autism.

Discuss some common misconceptions about autism

There are many misconceptions about autism that can create confusion and misunderstandings. Here are some of the most common myths, along with accurate information to dispel them:

Myth: Autism is caused by bad parenting or a lack of love and affection.

This is one of the most harmful myths about autism. In reality, autism is a complex neurological disorder that is not caused by anything parents do or don't do. While there may be genetic and environmental factors that contribute to the development of autism, it is not caused by poor parenting.

Myth: All individuals with autism are alike.

Autism is a spectrum disorder, which means that there is a wide range of abilities and challenges among individuals with autism. Some individuals may have difficulty with communication and social interaction, while others may excel in these areas but struggle with sensory issues or repetitive behaviors. It's important to recognize that every person with autism is unique.

Myth: Individuals with autism lack empathy or emotions.

This myth couldn't be further from the truth. While some individuals with autism may have difficulty expressing their emotions or understanding social cues, they are just as capable of feeling love, joy, and other emotions as anyone else. In fact, many individuals with autism have strong feelings and passions that they express in their own unique ways.

Myth: Individuals with autism cannot learn new things or make progress.

Again, this myth is completely false. With appropriate support and accommodations, individuals with autism can make significant progress in all areas of life – from communication skills to academic achievement to independent living skills. It's important to recognize that progress may look different for each individual and may take time and patience.

By dispelling these common myths about autism, we can promote greater understanding and acceptance of individuals on the spectrum.

Becoming an Ally to Peers with Autism

Children without autism can play an important role in creating a more inclusive and accepting environment for their peers with autism. Here are some suggestions for how children can become allies to those with autism:

Stand up against bullying

Individuals with autism may be at higher risk for bullying due to difficulties with social interaction and communication. Children without autism can help by standing up against bullying and advocating for their peers. This could include reporting incidents of bullying to a trusted adult, speaking out when they witness bullying, and offering support to those who have been targeted.

Include everyone in activities

It's important to create opportunities for all children to participate in activities together. Children without autism can help by being inclusive and making sure that everyone is included in games, conversations, and other activities. This could mean taking extra time to explain the rules of a game or adapting activities so that they are accessible to everyone.

Learn about autism

One of the best ways to become an ally is to learn more about autism. Children can read books, watch videos, or talk to adults who have experience working with individuals on the spectrum. By learning more about the challenges faced by those with autism, children can develop greater empathy and understanding.

Advocate for inclusive policies

Children can also advocate for policies that promote inclusion and acceptance of individuals with autism. This could include speaking out at school board meetings or writing letters to elected officials advocating for greater support and resources for individuals on the spectrum.

By becoming allies, children without autism can help create a more welcoming and supportive environment for their peers with autism.

Explain the Unique Strengths and Abilities of Children with Autism

Children with autism may have unique strengths and abilities that should be celebrated and encouraged. While they may face challenges in some areas, they can excel in others. Here are some examples of the strengths and abilities that children with autism may possess:

Exceptional Memory

Many children with autism have exceptional memory skills. They may be able to remember details or facts about a wide range of topics, from history to science to pop culture. This can make them valuable resources for their peers and teachers.

Attention to Detail

Children with autism often have a strong attention to detail. They may notice things that others miss, such as patterns in numbers or colors or subtle changes in their environment. This attention to detail can be an asset in many fields, from art to engineering.


Many children with autism are highly creative and imaginative. They may have a unique perspective on the world that allows them to see things differently than others. This creativity can lead to innovative thinking and problem-solving skills.

Focus and Determination

Children with autism may also possess a strong sense of focus and determination when it comes to pursuing their interests or goals. They may become deeply engrossed in a particular topic or activity, spending hours studying or practicing without becoming distracted.

By recognizing these unique strengths and abilities, we can help children with autism develop their full potential and contribute positively to society.


At what age should I start talking to my child about autism?

It's never too early to start talking to your child about differences and accepting others. However, the way you explain autism may vary depending on your child's age and developmental level. Younger children may benefit from simpler explanations using analogies or visual aids, while older children may be able to understand more complex information.

What if my child doesn't seem interested in learning about autism?

It's important not to force the conversation if your child is not interested. Instead, look for opportunities to naturally introduce the topic, such as when they have questions about a classmate who behaves differently. You can also try incorporating books or movies that feature characters with autism into your family's media choices.

Should I tell my child if they have autism?

If your child has been diagnosed with autism, it is important to talk to them in an age-appropriate manner about their diagnosis. This can help them understand why they may face certain challenges and provide a context for any accommodations or therapies they receive. However, it is ultimately up to each family to decide how and when to discuss this with their child.

What if I don't know much about autism myself?

It's okay if you don't feel like an expert on autism - no one knows everything! However, it can be helpful to educate yourself so that you can answer your child's questions accurately and confidently. There are many resources available online or through local support groups that can provide reliable information and advice.


Explaining autism to a child without autism can be a challenge, but it is an important conversation to have. By using simple, relatable explanations and encouraging empathy and understanding, children can learn to accept and celebrate differences in themselves and others.